The unspoiled island of Sumba is geographically situated 400 kilometers East of Bali and South of Komodo and Flores Islands.
Although only about 300 Km long and 80 Km wide, the island of Sumba generates two distinct climates. The West receives higher rainfall than the east, and is consequently much greener with systems of rice fields fed by perennial rivers; the east is a dry savanna throughout its eight month dry season. Every where in Sumba you will see horses, cattle, goats, and chicken .
In some places of West Sumba you will find large plantation of coffee, cashew ,vanilla and cocoa .
Of the island's population of about 600.000, some of them (almost all villagers) maintains their belief in the animistic Marapu religion. Rural life still revolves around the ancestors. Such villages tend to stand on hilltops and are formed by several large clan houses arranged around a central graveyard; the way of life in this villages seems like fixed in times .
Hotel Sumba Nautil Resort take position in the middle of the most traditional and authentic region of Sumba .
For most of its history Sumba has been divided into small kingdoms, each dominated by a feudal Raja. These Raja had absolute power until the formation of the Indonesian Republic in 1945. Socially and culturally, however, they remain highly respected and some still have slaves . The largest event any Sumbanese is likely to see will be the funeral of his or her raja; the body, having been wrapped in hundreds of textiles and kept through several preparations, then buried in an elaborate ceremony.
Sumbanese are traditionally divided into three level of serial life :
- Raja or King (Maramba),
- Customary Official (Kabihu),
- and Slaves (Ata).
You can still find slaves attached to their King .
Sumbanese are primarily live from farming, cattle breeding, rice-field
farming and trading. The number of cattle one owns, contributes to the social
Sumba's elaborate textile tradition finds its most colorful expression along the island's east coast where weavers combine animal and plant motifs with geometric patterns and ethnographic symbolism. What to the western eye is artistic, even fanciful, for the Sumbanese forms the basis of a complicated literacy that is the foundation of their culture.